Facts About Hunger in Hawai`i
Hunger in the United States
Information provided is from the 2014 Feeding America report. These are the latest official statistics.
In many ways, America is the land of plenty. But for one in six people in the United States, hunger is a very real struggle. Many people believe that the problems associated with hunger are confined to small pockets of society, certain areas of the country, or certain neighborhoods, but the reality is much different. Right now, millions of Americans are at risk of hunger. These are often hard-working adults, children, and seniors who simply cannot always make ends meet and may be forced to go without food.
· 1 in 6 Americans do not have access to enough food to sustain a healthy productive life.
· 16 million children are living in food-insecure households.
· 54% of households served by the Food Banking network include at least one person who works.
· In 2013, 28% of adults participating in the Hunger Study have a post- high school education, including a business license, some college, or a four-year degree. Education is extremely important, but sometimes it’s just not enough.
· The lack of adequate nutrition affects the cognitive and behavioral development of children.
· Children from food insecure, low-income households, are more likely to experience irritability, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating compared to other children. This can make performing in school very difficult.
· According to the USDA, in 2012, more than 3 million rural households experience food insecurity – that means they don’t have dependable access to enough food to sustain a healthy life.
· According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2012, poverty rates were highest among rural non-metropolitan counties, where it can be more difficult for food banks and emergency food assistance to support them.
· 49 million Americans don’t have dependable, consistent access to enough food due to limited money and resources in 2012, according to the USDA.
Hunger & Poverty Statistics in the United States in 2013
Although related, food insecurity and poverty are not the same. Poverty is only one of many factors associated with food insecurity. In fact, higher unemployment, lower household assets, and certain demographic characteristics also lead to a lack of access to adequate, nutritious food.
·In 2013, 45.3 million people (14.5 percent) were in poverty.
· In 2013, 26.4 million (13.6 percent) of people ages 18-64 were in poverty.
· In 2013, 14.7 million (19.9 percent) children under the age of 18 were in poverty.
· In 2013, 4.2 million (9.5 percent) seniors 65 and older were in poverty.
· In 2012, the overall poverty rate, according to the Supplemental Poverty Measure, was 16 percent, as compared with the official poverty rate of 15 percent.
· Under the Supplemental Poverty Measure, there were 49.7 million people living in poverty, nearly 3 million more than were represented by the official poverty measure (47.0 million).
Food Insecurity and Very Low Food Security
· In 2013, 49.1 million Americans lived in food insecure households, including 33.3 million adults and 15.8 million children.
· In 2013, 14 percent of households (17.5 million households) were food insecure.
· In 2013, 6 percent of households (6.8 million households) experienced very low food security.
· In 2013, households with children reported food insecurity at a significantly higher rate than those without children, 20 percent compared to 12 percent.
· In 2013, households that had higher rates of food insecurity than the national average included households with children (20%), especially households with children headed by single women (34%) or single men (23%), Black non-Hispanic households (26%), and Hispanic households (24%).
· In 2011, 4.8 million seniors (over age 60), or 8 percent of all seniors, were food insecure.
· Food insecurity exists in every county in America, ranging from a low of 4 percent in Slope County, ND to a high of 33 percent in Humphreys County, MS.
Feeding America: Hunger in America 2014
Other research from Feeding America (http://www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/our-research/ )
HUNGER IN HAWAI`I
Good Food For All - Advancing Health Equity through Hawai`i’s Food System http://www.kohalacenter.org/docs/reports/Food_For_All_Book_WEB.pdf
Hawai`i’s Food System: Food For All http://www.crcworks.org/hifood.pdf